The Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), places major emphasis on teacher quality as a factor in improving student achievement. The Title II, Part A legislation focuses on preparing, training, and recruiting high-quailty teachers, principals, and paraprofessionals and requires states to develop plans with annual measurable objectives that will ensure that all teachers teaching core academics subjects are "highly qualified."
The purpose of the Title II, Part A program is to increase academic achievement by improving teacher and principal quailty. This program is carried out by; increasing the number of highly qualified teachers in classrooms; increasing the number of highly qualified principals and assistant principals in schools; and increasing the effectiveness of teachers and principals by holding LEAs and schools accountable for improvements in student academic achievement. School systems must work to ensure that all students, especially children of poverty and of color, have equitable opportunities to be taught by highly effective teachers.